One of Thomas Jefferson's proudest accomplishments was the establishment of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, near Monticello.   His plan was basically symmetrical, with the central axis being a rectangular Lawn, flanked by two rows of low student rooms punctuated by larger buildings for classrooms and professors' dwellings, and capped by a rotunda at one end with an opening to the mountains at the other.   This polarity of culture and nature was profoundly changed in 1898 with the construction of a building at the end of the Lawn, for it changed Mr. Jefferson's metaphor from one of guidance to the outer world to one of containment.
photo by Steve (Rui) Gong,